Latina Mothers’ Perspectives on Adverse Experiences and Protection of Latinx Youth in an Agricultural Community

Journal of Adolescent Health
1 February 2021

Deepika D. Parmar, Elodia Caballero, 
Marissa Raymond-Flesch, et al.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are a measure of childhood toxic stress with a dose-dependent relationship with many health outcomes in adulthood. While ACEs measure broad categories of neglect, abuse, and family dysfunction that have been validated across diverse populations, they don't capture the trauma that some adolescents experience as a result of race, ethnicity, immigration, & family history. 

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