Pricing Universal Health Care: How Much Would The Use Of Medical Care Rise?


Adam Gaffney, David U. Himmelstein,
Steffie Woolhandler, and James G. Kahn

HealthAffairs
January 2021

The return of a Democratic administration to the White House, coupled with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic–induced contractions of job-based insurance, may reignite debate over public coverage expansion and its costs. Decades of research demonstrate that uninsured people and people with copays and deductibles use less care than people with first-dollar coverage. 

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