Publications June 2020

1.    Studying workflow and workarounds in electronic health record–supported work to improve health system performance

K ZhengRM RatwaniJ Adler-Milstein - Annals of Internal Medicine, 2020 - acpjournals.org

Clinical workflow is the enactment of a series of steps to perform a clinical
activity. The transition from paper to electronic health records (EHRs) over the past decade
has been characterized by profound challenges supporting clinical workflow, impeding …

 

2.    Barriers to Hospital Electronic Public Health Reporting and Implications for the COVID-19 Pandemic

A Jay Holmgren, Nate C Apathy, Julia Adler-Milstein. Journal of the American …, 2020 - academic.oup.com
 

3.    [PDF] Expanding Coverage Does Not Guarantee a Benefit

AB Bindman - Ophthalmology, 2020 - aaojournal.org

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was designed to increase coverage and protect
Americans from the financial risks associated with the receipt of health care. Studies
estimate that approximately 20 million Americans gained coverage because of the ACA who …

 

4.    The primary care response to COVID-19 in England's National Health Service

…, EJ Maile, AB Bindman - Journal of the Royal …, 2020 - journals.sagepub.com

Health systems across the world have had to make radical changes to help
manage the COVID-19 pandemic in their own countries. 1 As the patient's first point of
contact is with the health system, these changes have had a dramatic effect on primary care …

 

5.    Randomized controlled trials of electronic health record interventions: design, conduct, and reporting considerations

MJ Pletcher, V Flaherman, N Najafi, S Patel… - Annals of Internal …, 2020 - acpjournals.org

Electronic health record (EHR) systems can be configured to deliver novel
EHR interventions that influence clinical decision making and to support efficient
randomized controlled trials (RCTs) designed to evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and costs …

 

6.    Attitudes and Experiences Related to Feeding in Early Infancy in Guinea-Bissau

M Park, S Roberts, V Laleau, M Rait… - Current …, 2020 - academic.oup.com

Globally, more than 200 million children under 5 experience
wasting and stunting. Wasting and stunting often begin during early infancy and have
detrimental impacts on childhood health. Understanding local perspectives on feeding …

  

7.    Initial Weight Loss Among Breastfed Ugandan Neonates and Its Association with Subsequent Growth

V Flaherman, D Mukunya, S Kagongwe… - Current …, 2020 - academic.oup.com

To describe initial newborn weight loss and its association with
subsequent growth among at-risk newborn populations in Uganda. Methods We weighed
205 breastfeeding infants born at≥ 2000 g in Kampala and Mukono, Uganda, to±5 g at< 6 …

 

8.     Blowing Smoke Out of the Bayou: The Battle for Tobacco Control in Louisiana

T Wakefield, SA Glantz - 2020 - escholarship.org

Page 1. UCSF Tobacco Control Policy Making: United States Title Blowing Smoke
Out of the Bayou: The Battle for Tobacco Control in Louisiana Permalink https://escholarship.
org/uc/item/1cc903g7 Authors Wakefield, Tanner, BA Glantz, Stanton A, PhD Publication Date

 

9.    Geographic and Longitudinal Trends in Media Framing of Obesity in the United States

J Chiang, A Arons, JL Pomeranz, A SiddiqiR Hamad - Obesity, 2020 - Wiley Online Library

The media's framing of public health issues is closely linked to public
opinion on these issues and support for interventions to address them. This study
characterized geographic and temporal variation in the US media's framing of obesity across …

  

10. Association of Low Socioeconomic Status With Premature Coronary Heart Disease in US Adults

R Hamad, J Penko, DS Kazi, P Coxson… - JAMA …, 2020 - jamanetwork.com

Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) bear a
disproportionate share of the coronary heart disease (CHD) burden, and CHD remains the
leading cause of mortality in low-income US counties. Objective To estimate the excess …

 

11. Cognitive function trajectories are associated with the depressive symptoms trajectories in systemic lupus erythematosus over time

Z Touma, B Moghaddam, J Su… - Arthritis Care & …, 2020 - Wiley Online Library

Cognitive function may change over time in patients with SLE,
and cognitive function trajectories have not well been studied. We aim to: 1) identify
cognitive function trajectories in SLE and describe it with depressive symptoms trajectories …

  

12. Characteristics associated with hospitalisation for COVID-19 in people with rheumatic disease: data from the COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance …

M Gianfrancesco, KL Hyrich, S Al-Adely… - Annals of the …, 2020 - ard.bmj.com

COVID-19 outcomes in people with rheumatic diseases remain
poorly understood. The aim was to examine demographic and clinical factors associated
with COVID-19 hospitalisation status in people with rheumatic disease. Methods Case …

 

13. Sex differences in frailty and its association with low bone mineral density in rheumatoid arthritis

KD Wysham, DM Shoback, JS Andrews, PP Katz - Bone Reports, 2020 - Elsevier

Frailty in the general population is associated with poor health
outcomes including low bone mass and osteoporotic fracture. The relationship between
frailty and low bone mineral density (BMD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is unknown. This …

 

14. Characteristics associated with hospitalisation for COVID-19 in people with rheumatic disease: data from the COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance …

…, EF Mateus, S Rush, G Schmajuk… - Annals of the …, 2020 - ard.bmj.com

COVID-19 outcomes in people with rheumatic diseases remain
poorly understood. The aim was to examine demographic and clinical factors associated
with COVID-19 hospitalisation status in people with rheumatic disease. Methods Case

 

15. Mortality among Hospitalized Individuals with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in the United States between 2006 and 2016

…, M Gianfrancesco, S Shiboski, G Schmajuk… - Arthritis Care & … - Wiley Online Library

To evaluate time trends in mortality for hospitalized adults with
systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) compared to the general hospitalized population
(GHP), and to identify factors associated with increased risk of death among hospitalized …

 

16. Efficacy of Augmented Food Pantry Services in Addressing Food Insecurity

R Ridberg, M Smith, R Levi, E Waxman… - Current …, 2020 - academic.oup.com

Almost 1 in 9 Americans obtain food from a food bank or
food pantry every year to help make ends meet. Despite this scope and scale, the efficacy of
the charitable food system at alleviating food insecurity is still unclear.

 

17. Missed Nursing Care During Labor and Birth and Exclusive Breastfeeding During Hospitalization for Childbirth.

KR SimpsonA LyndonJ Spetz, CL Gay… - MCN. The American …, 2020 - europepmc.org

The purpose of this study was to determine associations between
missed nursing care and nurse staffing during labor and birth, and exclusive breast milk
feeding at hospital discharge. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Labor and birth nurses in 

 

18. Cigarette Pack Prices and Sales Following Policy Changes in California, 2011–2018

DC Boettiger, JS White - American Journal of Public …, 2020 - ajph.aphapublications.org

To estimate the combined effect of California's Tobacco 21 law
(enacted June 2016) and 2-per-packcigaretteexcisetaxincrease(enactedApril2017)
oncigarettepricesandsales,comparedwithmatchedcomparatorstates.Methods.Weusedsyntheticcontrolmethodstocompare …

 

19. Relationships between psychosocial stressors among pregnant women in San Francisco: A path analysis

SM Eick, DE Goin, MA IzanoL Cushing, E DeMicco… - Plos one, 2020 - journals.plos.org

Pregnant women who experience psychosocial stressors, such as stressful life
events, poor neighborhood quality, and financial hardship, are at an increased risk for
adverse pregnancy outcomes. Yet, few studies have examined associations between …

  

20. The effect of exposure to long working hours on ischaemic heart disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis from the WHO/ILO Joint Estimates of the …

J Li, F Pega, Y Ujita, C Brisson, E Clays… - Environment …, 2020 - Elsevier

Background The World Health Organization (WHO) and the
International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing Joint Estimates of the work-related
burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO Joint Estimates), with contributions from a large …

 

21. Effects of In-Person Navigation to Address Family Social Needs on Child Health Care Utilization: A Randomized Clinical Trial

MS PantellD Hessler, D Long, M Alqassari… - JAMA Network …, 2020 - jamanetwork.com

While many organizations endorse screening for social risk factors
in clinical settings, few studies have examined the health and utilization effects of
interventions to address social needs. Objective To compare the acute care utilization effects …

 

22. Cognitive performance effects of nicotine and industry affiliation: a systematic review

…, PM Ling, DE Apollonio - … Abuse: Research and …, 2020 - journals.sagepub.com

Studies assessing the cognitive performance effects of
nicotine show inconsistent results and tobacco industry funding has been correlated with
study outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of the primary literature assessing the …

 

23. Reporting and implementing interventions involving machine learning and artificial intelligence

DW Bates, A AuerbachP Schulam… - Annals of Internal …, 2020 - acpjournals.org

Increasingly, interventions aimed at improving care are likely to use such
technologies as machine learning and artificial intelligence. However, health care has been
relatively late to adopt them. This article provides clinical examples in which machine …

 

24. Introduction: Improvement and Measurement in the Era of Electronic Health Records

A AuerbachDW Bates - Annals of Internal Medicine, 2020 - acpjournals.org

Clinical decision support (CDS) is arguably the most important intervention
type enabled by EHRs, though its effectiveness has been highly variable. Kawamoto and
McDonald (6) suggest that a substantial proportion of EHR-based interventions will involve …

 

25. Prevalence and correlates of muscle-enhancing behaviors among adolescents and young adults in the United States

JM Nagata, KT Ganson, S Griffiths… - International Journal of …, 2020 - degruyter.com

To determine the prevalence of muscle-enhancing behaviors in
adolescents and young adults using a nationally representative sample in the USA and to
examine differences by sex, race/ethnicity, age, socioeconomic status, body mass index …

 

26. Preventable Deaths Declined More in Medicaid Expansion States

BW Yan, F Guo, FA Sloan… - Available at SSRN …, 2019 - papers.ssrn.com

The Affordable Care Act's (ACA) expansion of Medicaid in 2014 has
improved access to care, but data on its impact on health and mortality is limited. In this
study, we use US mortality data from 2011 to 2017 to analyze trends in mortality among …

 

27. The Opioid Epidemic Blunted the Mortality Benefit of Medicaid Expansion

BW YanFA SloanWJ Boscardin… - … Care Research and …, 2020 - journals.sagepub.com

Although the Affordable Care Act's Medicaid expansion reduced uninsurance,
less is known about its impact on mortality, especially in the context of the opioid epidemic.
We conducted a difference-in-differences study comparing trends in mortality between …

 

28. Emergency department preparation for COVID-19: accelerated care units

J Noble, NF Degesys, E Kwan, E Grom… - Emergency Medicine …, 2020 - emj.bmj.com

By 11 February 2020 when the WHO named the novel coronavirus (SARS-
CoV-2) and the disease it causes (COVID-19), it was evident that the virus was spreading
rapidly outside of China. Although San Francisco did not confirm its first locally transmitted …

 

29. A new Mentor Evaluation Tool: Evidence of validity

M Yukawa, SA GanskyP O'SullivanA Teherani… - PLOS …, 2020 - journals.plos.org

Mentorship plays an essential role in enhancing the success of
junior faculty. Previous evaluation tools focused on specific types of mentors or mentees.
The main objective was to develop and provide validity evidence for a Mentor Evaluation 

  

30. The prevalence of social care in US health care settings depends on how and whom you ask

Y Cartier, L Gottlieb - BMC Health Services Research, 2020 - Springer

Despite unprecedented enthusiasm for integrating social risk
screening and related interventions into US health care settings, we know relatively little
about the extent to which these activities occur. We reviewed results from multiple national

 

31. Team configurations, efficiency, and family physician burnout

M DaiR Willard-Grace, M Knox… - The Journal of the …, 2020 - Am Board Family Med

The delivery of team-based care relies on team structure and
teamwork. Little is known about the landscape of team configurations in family medicine
practices in the United States. Teamwork between diverse team members likely impacts …

 

32. To What Extent Are the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services 2019 MIPS Quality Measures Inclusive of Home-Based Medical Care?

B Leff, O Sheehan, S Bhatnagar… - Annals of Internal …, 2020 - acpjournals.org

Two million older adults are completely or mostly homebound,
and another 5.3 million have difficulty or need help getting out of their homes (1). Multiple
studies, including the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Independence at …

 

33. Understanding the health and well-being of early adolescents throughout the world: findings from the 2017–2018 survey of health behavior in school-aged children

CE Irwin - Journal of Adolescent Health, 2020 - jahonline.org

In the supplement accompanying this issue of the Journal of Adolescent
Health, we present 10 articles from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC)
dWHO Collaborative Cross-national Study, an international research study that aims to …

 

34. Association of Homelessness with Hospital Readmissions—an Analysis of Three Large States

SAM Khatana, RK Wadhera, E Choi… - Journal of General …, 2020 - Springer

Individuals experiencing homelessness have higher
hospitalization and mortality rates compared with the housed. Whether they also experience
higher readmission rates, and if readmissions vary by region or cause of hospitalization is …

 

35. Emergency department preparation for COVID-19: accelerated care units

J Noble, NF Degesys, E Kwan, E Grom… - Emergency Medicine …, 2020 - emj.bmj.com

By 11 February 2020 when the WHO named the novel coronavirus (SARS-
CoV-2) and the disease it causes (COVID-19), it was evident that the virus was spreading
rapidly outside of China. Although San Francisco did not confirm its first locally transmitted …

 

36. Using electronic health record portals to improve patient engagement: research priorities and best practices

CR Lyles, EC Nelson, S Frampton… - Annals of Internal …, 2020 - acpjournals.org

Ninety percent of health care systems now offer patient portals to access
electronic health records (EHRs) in the United States, but only 15% to 30% of patients use
these platforms. Using PubMed, the authors identified 53 studies published from September …

 

37. A Root Cause Analysis of Barriers to Timely Colonoscopy in California Safety-Net Health Systems.

AE Sharma, HC Lyson, R Cherian… - Journal of Patient …, 2020 - europepmc.org

Safety-net health care systems, serving vulnerable populations,
see longer delays to timely colonoscopy after a positive fecal occult blood test (FOBT), which
may contribute to existing disparities. We sought to identify root causes of colonoscopy delay …

 

38. Effectiveness of 'catch-up'human papillomavirus vaccination to prevent cervical neoplasia in immunosuppressed and non-immunosuppressed women

MJ Silverberg, WA Leyden, JO Lam, CR Chao… - Vaccine, 2020 - Elsevier

It is unknown whether the HPV vaccine is effective in immunocompromised
women during catch-up ages. We performed a case-control study of 4,357 women with
incident CIN2+ (cases) and 5: 1 age-matched, incidence-density selected controls (N

 

39. Predicting Aggressive Behavior in Nonfunctional Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors With Emphasis on Tumor Size Significance and Survival Trends: A Population …

AH Fathi, J Romanyshyn, M Barati… - The American …, 2020 - journals.sagepub.com

Nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NF-PNETs) are
rare tumors with continued controversies in management. This study aims to identify
demographic and clinicopathologic characteristics associated with aggressive behavior and …

 

40. Operationalizing the Operating Room: Ensuring Appropriate Surgical Care in the Era of COVID-19

EC Wick, L Pierce, MC Conte, JA Sosa - Annals of Surgery, 2020 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

We hypothesized that the rapid changes in surgical practice associated with
the COVID-19 response would result in a growing backlog of patients in need of surgery.
Therefore, we developed a surgical oversight group to evaluate allocation of the …

 

41. The association between frailty and detrusor overactivity in older adults

S Song, C Jin, P Kamal… - Neurourology and …, 2020 - Wiley Online Library

To explore the relationship between frailty, age, and detrusor
overactivity (DO) in older adults presenting to an academic urology practice. Materials and
Methods This study uses the University of California, San Francisco Geriatric Urology …

 

42. Patient factors associated with changes in functional status during systemic cancer therapy in older adults: A systematic review.

V Lam, KP Loh, KR Webber, S Padam, MS Sedrak… - 2020 - ascopubs.org

26 days ago - e24022 Background: Maintaining function and preventing functional decline
during cancer treatment is critically important to older adults. This systematic review
characterized and identified patient factors associated with functional change during 

 

43. Predictors of a change in patient willingness to have Total knee arthroplasty: Insights from the osteoarthritis initiative

I Bendich, RT Halvorson, D Ward, M Nevitt - The Knee, 2020 - Elsevier

While many factors have been shown to influence patient
willingness to have total joint arthroplasty, factors associated with changes in patient
willingness to have arthroplasty have not been studied. The objective of this research is to …

 

44. Operationalizing the Operating Room: Ensuring Appropriate Surgical Care in the Era of COVID-19

EC Wick, L Pierce, MC Conte, JA Sosa - Annals of Surgery, 2020 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

We hypothesized that the rapid changes in surgical practice associated with
the COVID-19 response would result in a growing backlog of patients in need of surgery.
Therefore, we developed a surgical oversight group to evaluate allocation of the 

 

45. Feasibility of brief distress screening for family caregivers of adults diagnosed with schizophrenia in Changsha, Hunan, China

Z Guan, W CrossL Lam, JA Wiley… - … of Psychiatric and …, 2020 - Wiley Online Library

A brief and noninvasive instrument that could detect distress
among family caregivers (FGs) of adults diagnosed with schizophrenia was needed. The
Distress Thermometer (DT) has been widely used among FGs of patients with chronic 

 

46. The relative impact of urinary and sexual function versus bother on health utility for men with prostate cancer

CW Jeong, A Herlemann, JE Cowan… - JNCI Cancer …, 2020 - academic.oup.com

Function and bother are related but distinct aspects of health-related quality of
life (HRQoL). The objective of this study was to compare quantitatively the relative impacts of
function and bother in urinary, sexual, and bowel outcomes on health utility as a reflection of …